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SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA
Cancer that begins in squamous cells, which are thin, flat cells that look like fish scales. Squamous cells are found in the tissue that forms the surface of the skin, the lining of the hollow organs of the body, and the passages of the respiratory and digestive tracts. Also called epidermoid carcinoma.
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin is a skin cancer arising from cells of the surface layer of the skin. SCC is the second most frequent malignant skin tumor after basal cell carcinoma. The Centers for Disease Control estimates over 700,000 new cases of squamous cell carcinoma will be diagnosed in 2016.
Doctors generally divide skin cancer into two
stages: local (affecting only the skin) or metastatic (spreading beyond the
skin). Squamous cell carcinoma may metastasize more frequently than basal
cell carcinoma. In general, however, non-melanoma skin cancer (basal cell
carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma) rarely spreads, a biopsy often is the
only test needed to determine the stage. In cases where the growth is very
large or has been present for a long time, the doctor will carefully check
the lymph nodes in the area. In addition, the patient may need to have additional
tests, such as special x-rays, to find out whether the cancer has spread to
other parts of the body. Knowing the stage of a skin cancer helps the doctor
plan the best treatment.
NEBRASKA MELANOMA CENTER ® is a public-private effort in healthcare services related to educating Nebraskans about proper skin care as well as the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of skin conditions, including skin cancers. If you undergo a skin biopsy, the skin specimen may be sent to NEBRASKA MELANOMA CENTER ® and its affiliate, Pathology Services, P.C. for processing, evaluation, diagnosis, and inclusion in its database.
Having your skin biopsy specimen(s) sent to Pathology Services, PC. is not required to avail yourself of the resources of NEBRASKA MELANOMA CENTER ®. If your healthcare provider sends your skin biopsy specimen elsewhere, NEBRASKA MELANOMA CENTER ® would appreciate a copy of your pathology report to include its diagnosis in its Nebraska cancer registry. Ongoing national research furthers our efforts to continually improve skin disease diagnosis and treatment for Nebraskans.
NEBRASKA MELANOMA CENTER ® is a service mark of Pathology Services, P.C.
Byron L. Barksdale, M.D.
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